History of animation

As Short Subjects (Cartoons) Academy Award for Animated Short Film"

Aesop's Film Fables was a series of animated short subjects, created by American cartoonist, Paul Terry. Terry came upon the inspiration for the series by young actor-turned-writer Howard Estabrook, who suggested making a series of cartoons based on Aesop's Fables. Although Terry later claimed he had never heard of Aesop, he felt that Estabrook's idea was something worthwhile. Terry immediately began to set up a new studio called Fables Studios, Inc. and received backing from the Keith-Albee Theatre circuit. Aesop's Film Fables"

(Animation in the United States during the silent era) * Humorous Phases of Funny Faces Animation in the United States during the silent era"

Cartoons didn't used to be just for kids. Cartoons in the Golden Age, such as Red Hot Riding Hood, contained topical and often suggestive humor, though they were seen primarily as "children's entertainment" by movie exhibitors. This point of view prevailed when the new medium of television began showing cartoons in the late 1940s. Animation in the United States in the television era"

ASIFA-Hollywood has embarked on an ambitious project to expand the offerings of the current ASIFA-Hollywood Animation Center in Burbank to include a virtual archive, museum, library and research facility for the benefit of the animation community, students and general public. The first step in achieving our goals involves the establishment of a computer system capable of documenting, cataloging, and retrieving images and sounds related to the art of animation. ASIFA-Hollywood Animation Archive Project"

A cel, short for celluloid, is a transparent sheet on which objects are drawn or painted for traditional, hand-drawn animation. Celluloid was used for animation and film production up until the late 20th century, however, it burned easily and suffered from spontaneous decomposition, and was largely replaced by cellulose acetate plastics. Cel"

The bitter animators' strike of 1941 at Walt Disney Studios was a psychological turning point within the company. It had relatively little effect on Walt Disney's reputation with the public, but damaged his standing with left-leaning intellectuals who had heralded " jazz and the animated cartoon" as the two art forms which America had given to the world. It destroyed the paternalistic relation between Disney and his animation staff and cemented the studio's derogatory nickname of "the mouse factory." Disney animators' strike"

Felix the Cat is a cartoon character from the silent-film era. His black body, white eyes, and giant grin, coupled with the surrealism of the situations in which his cartoons place him, combined to make the Felix one of the most recognizable cartoon characters in the world. Felix was the first character from animation to attain a level of popularity sufficient to draw movie audiences based solely on his star power. Felix the Cat"

The history of anime begins at the start of the 20th century, when Japanese filmmakers experimented with the animation techniques that were being explored in the West. Though filmmakers in Japan experimented with animation earlier, the first widely popular anime series was Osamu Tezuka's Astro Boy( 1963). During the 1970s, anime developed further, separating itself from its Western roots, and developing unique genres such as mecha. Notable shows in this period include Lupin III and Mazinger Z. During this period several filmmakers became famous, especially Hayao Miyazaki and Mamoru Oshii. History of anime"

The History of Canadian Animation involves a considerable element of the realities of a country neighbouring the United States and the formidable competition from Hollywood. History of Canadian animation"

The history of Russian animation is a very rich, but so far nearly unexplored field for Western film theory and history. As most of Russia's production of animation for cinema and television was created during Soviet times, it may also be referred to as the History of Soviet animation. History of Russian animation"

Koko the Clown was an animated character created by animation pioneer, Max Fleischer. It is disputed whether the character's name is spelled "Koko" or "Ko-Ko" as it varies between films. Koko the Clown"

This article describes the history of animation in the United States of America from the late 1980s to the start of the 21st century. This period is sometimes referred to as the American animation renaissance, during which many large American entertainment companies reformed and reinvigorated their animation departments following general decline during the 1970s and 1980s. Modern animation of the United States"

Since the 1970s, just as animation studios have "re-imagined" famous and well-known cartoon characters either as babies, children or even younger teenagers, they have also occasionally presented young cartoon characters either as teenagers ( The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show), pre- teens ( All Grown Up!), or even merely increasing their age by a year ( Disney's Doug) Older versions of cartoon characters"

The Praxinoscope was an animation device, the successor to the zoetrope. It was invented in France in 1877 by Charles-Émile Reynaud. Like the zoetrope, it used a strip of pictures placed around the inner surface of a spinning cylinder. The praxinoscope improved on the zoetrope by replacing its narrow viewing slits with an inner circle of mirrors, placed so that the reflections of the pictures appeared more or less stationary in position as the wheel turned. Someone looking in the mirrors would therefore see a rapid succession of images producing the illusion of motion, with a brighter and less distorted picture than the zoetrope offered. Praxinoscope"

Pyongyang is a black and white graphic novel by the Canadian Quebecois author Guy Delisle published in . Pyongyang (comic)"

The Golden Age of American animation is a period in American animation history that began with the advent of sound cartoons in 1928 and lasted into the 1960s when theatrical animated shorts slowly began losing to the new medium of television animation. Many of the most memorable characters emerged from this period including Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Goofy, Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Droopy Dog, Popeye, Betty Boop, Woody Woodpecker, Tom and Jerry, Pink Panther and Mr. Magoo. The Golden Age of American animation"

The legacy of the United Productions of America animation studio, better known as UPA, has largely been forgotten in the wake of the era of modern U.S. animation; it has been overshadowed by the commercialization of the vast cartoon libraries of Warner Bros. and Disney. But the effect of UPA upon the medium of animation was as ground-breaking as that of Walt Disney. UPA pioneered the technique of limited animation, and though this style of animation was widely abused during the 1960s and 1970s, it was originally founded on an artistic vision of animation as a form of art. United Productions of America"

This trend, often referred to as the "babyfication" of shows, was kicked off by the 1984 series Jim Henson's Muppet Babies, which was based on a sequence in the (live-action) film The Muppets Take Manhattan. An earlier example of a younger version of an existing cartoon character, however, would be Superboy, who was introduced in 1944's More Fun Comics #101 as the teenage version of Superman; Superboy would eventually be seen in an animated series in the 1960s. Another example of this in comics is Li'l Archie, which featured the childhood adventures of Archie Comics character Archie Andrews. Younger versions of cartoon characters"