Academy of the Sierras (or AOS for short) is a theraputic year-round boarding school, and the world's first boarding school exclusively for overweight and obese teenagers. Academy of the Sierras"

Acceptable Daily Intake or ADI is a measure of a specific substance (usually a food additive) in food or drinking water that can be ingested over a lifetime without an appreciable health risk. ADIs are expressed by body mass, usually in milligrams per kilograms of body mass. Acceptable daily intake"

Daisie Adelle Davis (1904-1974), popularly known as Adelle Davis, was a pioneer in the fledgling field of nutrition, and an outspoken advocate of the dominant role that nutrients play in maintaining health and preventing disease, and in restoring health after the onset of disease: Adelle Davis"

Fats obtained from animal sources include: Animal fat"

Atmit is a nutritional supplement used to fight famine in impoverished countries. The word atmit orginated in Ethiopia and means "thin, nourishing porridge." Atmit"

Auxology is a meta-term covering the study of all aspects of human physical growth; though it is also a fundamental of biology generally. Auxology is a highly multi-disciplinary science involving health sciences / medicine ( pediatrics, general practice, endocrinology, neuroendocrinology, physiology, epidemiology, and to a lesser degree other fields), nutrition, genetics, anthropology, anthropometry, ergonomics, history, economic history, economics, socioeconomics, sociology, public health, and psychology, among others. Auxology"

Avitaminosis is any disease caused by chronic or long-term vitamin deficiency or caused by a defect in metabolic conversion, such as tryptophan to niacin. They are designated by the same letter as the vitamin. Avitaminoses include Avitaminosis"

The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet Index is a quotient of body mass which takes into account both height and weight: Body mass index"

The British Dietetic Association is a professional association and trade union for dieticians founded in 1936. It is affiliated to the Trades Union Congress. British Dietetic Association"

Bromatology is the study of food (or aliments). Bromatology"

Calorad is a liquid protein weight loss supplement. It has been advertised on both television and radio. Calorad"

A calorie is a unit of measurement for energy. In most fields, it has been replaced by the joule, the SI unit of energy. However, it remains in common use for the amount of energy obtained from food. Many different definitions for the calorie have emerged during the 19th and 20th century. They fall into two classes: Calorie"

Carbohydrates are chemical compounds that contain oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon atoms. They consist of monosaccharide sugars of varying chain lengths and that have the general chemical formula Cn(H2O)n or are derivatives of such. Carbohydrate"

The China Project is an ongoing extensive study of the correlation of disease epidemiology with the increasing urbanisation of the many provinces of China, and with the changes in eating patterns and lifestyles which this Westernisation is bringing. China project"

Chinese food therapy is a practice of healing using natural foods instead of medications. Chinese food therapy"

Cholesterol is a steroid, a lipid, and an alcohol, found in the cell membranes of all body tissues, and transported in the blood plasma of all animals. Most cholesterol is not dietary in origin, it is synthesized internally. Cholesterol is present in higher concentrations in tissues which either produce more or have more densely-packed membranes, for example, the liver, spinal cord and brain, and also in atheroma. Cholesterol plays a central role in many biochemical processes, but is best known for the association of cardiovascular disease with various lipoprotein cholesterol transport patterns and high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Cholesterol"

Choline is a quaternary saturated amine with the chemical formula Choline"

Dairy products are generally defined as foodstuffs produced from milk. A production plant for such processing is called a dairy. Raw milk for processing generally comes from cows, but occasionally from other mammals such as goats, sheep, water buffalo, yaks, or horses. Dairy product"

Dehydration is the removal of water (hydor in ancient Greek) from an object. Medically, dehydration is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition in which the body contains an insufficient volume of water for normal functioning. Dehydration"

Diabetes mellitus is a medical disorder characterized by varying or persistent hyperglycemia (elevated blood sugar levels), especially after eating. All types of diabetes mellitus share similar symptoms and complications at advanced stages. Hyperglycemia itself can lead to dehydration and ketoacidosis. Longer-term complications include cardiovascular disease (doubled risk), chronic renal failure (it is the main cause for dialysis), retinal damage which can lead to blindness, nerve damage which can lead to erectile dysfunction (impotence), gangrene with risk of amputation of toes, feet, and even legs. The more serious complications are more common in people who have a difficult time controlling their blood sugars with medications ( glycemic control). Diabetes mellitus"

Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system and absorb water. Dietary fiber"

Dietary minerals are the chemical elements required by living organisms, other than the four elements Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, and Oxygen which are ubiquitous in organic molecules. They can be either bulk minerals (required in relatively large amounts) or trace minerals (required only in very small amounts). Dietary mineral"

Dieting is the practice or habit of eating (and drinking) in a regulated fashion for the purpose of losing body fat. (See Weight loss.) It is often combined with a regime of physical exercise. A person who is dieting is said to be "on a diet"; weight-loss diets are, however, only one of many types of diets. The reasons people seek to lose weight include the improvement of personal appearance, of physical fitness and of general health. Dieting"

Dried distiller's grain (or distiller's dried grain) is a cereal byproduct of the brewing process. It is created in distilleries by drying mash, and is subsequently sold for a variety of purposes, usually as fodder for livestock. Dried distiller's grain"

The amount of edible protein per unit area of land for various major foodstuffs is shown in the chart at right. Of the world's major protein sources, soybeans provide the largest amount of protein per unit area, while beef livestock provide the least. Edible protein per unit area of land"